What is the Environmental Impact Assessment ( EIA ) ?
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a management tool used to identify, predict, assess and mitigate environmental, social and other relevant effects of proposed developments prior to major decision makings and commitments.
What is the aim of the Environmental Impact Assessment ( EIA ) ?
The aim of the EIA can be divided into two categories. The immediate aim of the EIA is to inform the process of decision making by identifying the potentially significant environmental effects and risks of proposed developments. The long term aim of the EIA is to promote the sustainable development by ensuring that proposed developments do not undermine critical resource and ecological functions or the well-being, lifestyle and livelihood of the communities and people who depend on them.
What is the purpose of the Environmental Impact Assessment ( EIA ) ?
The purpose of the EIA is to promote environmentally sound and sustainable development through the identificaiton of appropriate mitigation measures; protect the quality and productivity of the natural environment; predict and avoid, minimize or offset the adverse significant environmental, social and other relevant effects of development proposals; provide information for decision-making on the environmental consequences of any proposed developments.
What is types of Development Proposals required to do an Environmental Impact Assessment ( EIA ) ?
Under the Environment Act 1998 ( under current review) and Environment Regulation 2008 highlight the followings developments are required to conduct an EIA.
1. Food Industries ( including fruit processing, bottling & canning ).e.g Soltuna Cannery at Noro
2. Iron & Steel Industries
3. Non-Metallic Industries (including Lime Production, Brick & Tile manufacture, extraction of minerals & Mining, Extraction of Aggregates stones/shingles, Radioactive related industries, Manufacture of Cement)
4.Leather, Paper, Textile & Wood Industries ( including leather tanning & processing, textile industry with dying facilities, carpet industry with Chemical dying, Manufacture of Paper, Pulp & other Wood Products)
5. Fishing, Marine Product Industries
6. Forestry Industry ( including logging operation, saw milling, all forms of timber processing & treatment )
7. Chemical Industry ( including Pesticide production & use, Pharmauceutical production, Fertilizer manufacture & use, Oil Refineries)
8. Tourism Industry ( including Hotels, Golf Courses, Recreational Parks, Tourism Resorts or Estates)
9. Agriculture Industry ( including Livestock Development, Agricultural Development Schemes, Irrigation & Water Supply Schemes)
10. Public Works Sector (including Landfills, Infrastructure Developments, major Waste Disposal Plants, Soil Erosion & Siltation Control, Hydropower Schemes, Reservoir Developments, Airport Developments, Waste Management, Drainage & Disposal systems, Dredging, Watershed Management, Ports & Harbours)
11.Others ( including Industrial Estates, Housing, Settlements, Resettlement, Petroleum product storage & processing works)