The Solomon Islands Meteorological Service was a section under the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications (P&T) before the Solomon Islands gained its independence in 1978. Maintenance of equipment was the responsibility of the P&T as the then, Bureau of Meteorology Australia, started reducing its expatriate staff support program. This happened as the section was upgraded to a Meteorology Division in 1984 during a change in government under the portfolio of the Ministry of Posts and Communications.
In 1985, a Meteorology Act was passed in the National Parliament and Solomon Islands Meteorological Services (SIMS) became a member of World Meteorological Organization on 06th May 1985. The Act makes provisions for the effective and proper administration of Meteorological Services to support economic development and the national interest of Solomon Islands to deal with other Meteorological related matters.
Currently, Solomon Islands Meteorological Services Division operates seven manned Met Stations, Six Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) and seven Automatic Rainfall Gauges (ARG) stations. The main operating office is located at GESO Building, Vavaya Ridge in Honiara.
Ensure safety of lives and protection of properties in Solomon Islands through effective management ofMeteorological Service.
To modernise, strengthen and enhance the institutional and administrative capacity of Meteorological service division to provide a competency services to the people and the government of Solomon Islands for sustainable development and resilience communities.
Solomon Islands a country separated by oceans faced with great challenge in its Meteorological observations and monitoring network to provide timely information to its people and developments. Such effective services require observations of various types and of adequate quality and quantity at the right place and right time. Both surface-base and space observations are required of physical and climate variable of atmosphere, land and oceans, including hydrological, carbon cycles and the cryosphere. Delivering such useful meteorological information also requires the availability of socio-economic, biological, and environmental data which must be effectively integrated to develop and provide useful information to the public domain, farmers, health sector, disaster risk reduction and to other weather and climate sensitive sectors.
As a result of these efforts, the government of Solomon Islands requested United Nation Development Program (UNDP), a multilateral implementing agency to support the development and administration of a project to address climate change priorities called “Enhancing resilience of communities in Solomon Islands to the adverse effects of climate change in agriculture and food security”. The approach was adopted to strengthen the ability of communities in Solomon Islands to make informed decisions and manage the likely impacts of climate change on food security.
In consultation with UNDP, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) of New Zealand was contracted to undertake a project for the procurement and installation of Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) for Solomon Islands. Supply of four (4) AWSs and twelve (12) Automatic Rainfall Station (ARS) was procured and installation of 4 AWSs and 7 ARSs was completed with telemetry systems to enable near real time data ingestion to the Climate Database System (CliDE), which was supplied by the Australian government.
The initiative was taken by the SIMS to ensure that monitoring of weather and climate is sufficient in providing timely and accurate meteorological information to address economic developments and communities’ resilience to extreme impacts from weather, climate events and climate change.
In providing the meteorological information, the SIMS operates under the Meteorological Act 1985 and is specified as an essential service under the Essential Services Act. The core functions of SIMS is to provide the government, private sector and the general populace of Solomon Islands with relevant meteorological information pertaining to all aspects towards national developments, daily activities and security. These responsibilities are pursued through the function structure of SIMS under these components of services:
Through these functions and responsibilities SIMS Division is obligated to ensure that such services are provided in a timely manner and with a high level of competency.
Programs for implementing the national government policy are identified under the following strategies:
Five key result areas were identified to achieve these programs:
The SIMS Division work programs are comprised of activities derived from these programs in their respective scopes and outcomes.
Complementing the efforts of the services provided by the SIMS Division are the following projects: