Disaster Recovery is the final phase of the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Cycle.
It is the coordinated process of supporting disaster and emergency affected areas and communities and involves rehabilitation and reconstruction activities.
The arrangements for this coordinated process is set out in the National Disaster Risk Management Plan 2010.
It follows relief actions taken by responsible authorities such as the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) and its partners as stipulated in the DRM Plan in providing humanitarian relief and basic community support services during and immediately after the impact of a disaster.
Rehabilitation activities aim to restore peoples and essential services, including the beginning of the repair of physical, social and economic damages.
Reconstruction activities on the other hand are aimed at ensuring the medium and long term repair of physical, social and economic damage and the return of affected structures to a condition equal to or better than before a disaster.
The restoration of the emotional well being of communities and individuals affected by disasters is also a priority for those involved in any coordinated recovery effort following a disaster.
Public knowledge of hazards and on what to do before, during and after they occur is one of the ways in which their risks to communities can be reduced. Knowledge of these hazards and their risks also help communities plan for such events and be better prepared to adapt to their effects.
In anticipation of the imminent threat of a disaster event, an alert (warning) is received by the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) from monitoring services and agencies such as the Solomon Islands Meteorological Services (SIMS), kicking off the Response phase of the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Cycle. This phase continues throughout a disaster and immediately after to ensure its effects are minimised, and that people affected are given immediate relief and support.
The NDMO is usually supported in this phase by sub-national authorities such as Provincial Governments, communities, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO), Civil Society Organisations (CSO) as well as the private sector.
Below are information on recommended actions to be taken by members of the public just before and during a number of disaster events:
What you should do:
What you should avoid:
If you must build near or on an active beach:
IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER THAT THE BEST PROTECTION AGAINST STORM WAVES IS A HEALTHY FUNCTIONING BEACH - IT COSTS NOTHING AND BUILDS AND REPAIRS ITSELF.
Preparing for an Earthquake
Always keep an emergency kit in your home. Include water, food, necessary medicines, a reliable torch with fresh batteries and spares, portable radio, first aid kit, emergency phone numbers.
During an Earthquake
If you are inside:
If you are outdoors:
IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER THAT EARTHQUAKES ARE SUDDEN, STRIKING WITH LITTLE OR NO WARNING. BE PREPARED IN CASE IT HAPPENS.
Preparing for a Flood:
Upon hearing a Flood Warning:
During a Flood:
After a Flood:
Preparing for a Landslide:
Embankments along roads are particularly susceptible to landslides.
During a Landslide:
After a Landslide:
Upon Hearing a Tropical Cyclone Warning:
During a Cyclone:
Beware of the Eye of the Storm:
If the cyclone eye passes over a sudden lull in winds occurs and may last up to 2 hours. The other side of the cyclone then hits and winds resume with equal strength but blowing from the other direction. It is vitally important to remain in shelter during and after the eye passes.
After the Cyclone storm has passed:
Preparing for a Tsunami:
During a Tsunami:
After a Tsunami:
Key Points to Remember:
Tsunami can strike any coastline in the Pacific — warnings apply to YOU. For tsunami survival remember the following three warning signs:
Upon noticing the warning signs:
YOU ARE SAFE FROM THE WAVE AS LONG AS YOU ARE SEVERAL KILOMETERS FROM THE WATER’S EDGE OR ARE ON HIGH GROUND.
Volcanic eruptions are preceded by signs, some of which are not detected by instruments, nor observed by a volcanologist. The following are some points that should be taken into account to effectively respond to a volcanic eruption.
Preparing for a Volcanic Eruption:
During an Eruption:
Learn about the different types of natural and human-caused disasters and their impact on lives and livelihood.
Natural and human-caused disasters affect many people each year. Major adverse events such as these have the potential to cause catastrophic loss of life and physical destruction. They are often unexpected and can leave communities in shock.
The possible threats to the Solomon Islands are significant. They include:
In general terms, the effects of disasters on the country and its people include:
Disaster preparedness are measures taken to prepare for and reduce the effects of disasters.
It includes taking necessary action(s) to predict and where possible, prevent disasters, mitigate their impact on vulnerable populations as well as to effectively cope with their consequences.
Disaster preparedness provides a platform to design effective, realistic and coordinated planning, reduces duplication of efforts and increase overall effectiveness of national, community and household disaster preparedness and response efforts (IFRC).
In Solomon Islands, this platform is provided through the National Disaster Risk Management Plan 2010.
This plan and any future replacement of it, provides for the establishment of institutional arrangements for the national Government to address disaster risk management within the Solomon Islands.
It provides for both disaster management arrangements for preparing for, managing and recovering from disaster events and institutional mechanisms for addressing disaster risk reduction, including climate change adaptation. Arrangements are addressed at the national, provincial and local levels.
This plan states that disaster risk management requires a policy consideration, in order to to establish obligations and roles, set arrangements and accountabilities and to provide for national planning. It has been prepared and endorsed by the National Disaster Council (NDC) established under Section 3 of the National Disaster Council Act 1989 and approved by the Cabinet of the Solomon Islands Government under Section 10 of the Act.
The plan and other preparedness activities such as the raising of public knowledge and awareness of disaster types (hazards) and how to respond to them are implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology’s National Disaster Management Office (NDMO).
In carrying out its mandate, the NDMO is supported by Agencies including the private sector, Provincial Government and community disaster response committees as well as by various Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs).
Disaster preparedness activities embedded with risk reduction measures can prevent disaster situations and also result in saving maximum lives and livelihoods during any disaster situation, enabling the affected population to get back to normalcy within a short time period.
In this respect, disaster preparedness is a continuous and integrated process resulting from a wide range of risk reduction activities and resources rather than from a distinct sectoral activity by itself. It requires the contributions of many different areas—ranging from awareness, training and logistics, to health care, recovery, livelihood to institutional development.
Disaster risk management (DRM) is about reducing risks to communities from hazards and their effect.
Communities, who know their local hazards best, are the immediate responders to problems, and are ultimately in charge of the recovery process.
Communities must therefore, with help and support, look at ways to reduce their vulnerability to hazards and increase their capacity to cope with the effects of disasters.
The National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) has made plans to develop and strengthen DRM capacity in Solomon Islands over the next few years.
This will empower communities in DRM rather than create dependencies. The NDMO Plan is focused on:
Assisting communities to become better aware and prepared for disasters;
Maintaining an effective network and partnership with stakeholders;
Assisting in the development and maintenance of an effective disaster preparedness and response capability and capacity nation-wide. The NDMO is committed to our plan and its achievement. I appeal to stakeholders and communities wishing to promote disaster risk reduction in Solomon Islands to support this Plan and work with us in its fulfillment.
The Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Cycle illustrates the ongoing process by which governments, businesses, and civil society plan for and reduce the impact of disasters, react during and immediately following a disaster, and take steps to recover after a disaster has occurred.
Appropriate actions at all points in the cycle lead to greater preparedness, better warnings, reduced vulnerability or the prevention of disasters during the next iteration of the cycle.
The complete disaster risk management cycle includes the shaping of public policies and plans that either modify the causes of disasters or mitigate their effects on people, property, and infrastructure.
Changing weather patterns in Solomon Islands as well as rising temperatures and sea levels due to the effects of climate change have combined to bring an increased risk of natural disasters.
The situation has an added Human dimension due to the rapidly growing urban populations around the country which have led to the settlement of disaster prone areas.
Through its National Disaster Management Office (NDMO), the Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology is leading the country’s efforts to reduce the risks of natural disasters to human lives.
The NDMO’s efforts are supported by the monitoring and evaluation capabilities of the MECDM’s Meteorological Services (SIMS) and Climate Change Divisions. Through the Environment and Conservation Division’s inputs to urban planning and development processes, the MECDM also helps ensure that proper planning and awareness of the risks of living in disaster prone areas leads to a lesser risk of the loss of human lives.
The Ministry’s efforts are supported at the national level by other Government Ministries, sub-national authorities such as the Honiara City Council (HCC) and Provincial Governments, local communities as well as by other groups such as various Non-Governmental Organisations and Civil Society Organisations.
The Ministry’s efforts are supported at the national level by authoritative bodies such as the Honiara City Council (HCC) and other Government Ministries as well by other groups such as various Non-Governmental Organisations, Civil Society Organisations.
On the international front Solomon Islands is a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol which together make up the core of the international policy response to climate change. Solomon Islands is also a signatory to the Hyogo Framework on Disaster Risk Management and has been involved in the European Union- Global Climate Change Alliance programmes. The country continues to benefit from funding by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) which is the financing mechanism for the UNFCCC made available through Implementing Agencies such as the UNDP, UNEP, FAO and World Bank.
Within the Pacific regional level, Solomon Islands is a signatory to the Pacific Plan, Pacific Islands Framework for Action on Climate Change (PIFACC) and the Regional Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Management that have established climate change and disaster risk management related objectives and actions. Partnerships continue to be developed with a number of international and regional inter-governmental organizations, some of which have specific mandates to assist their member countries address climate change, disaster risk management and related development issues.